Method overload resolution in C# 6.0: an interesting bug story

Recently at work I’ve been looking into migrating our projects from VS2013 to VS2017. As part of the process we decided to move from C# 5.0 to C# 7.0. It turned out that after the switch some of our projects won’t build anymore. I spent some time investigating the issue and found the outcome interesting so let me share my story with you.


Below is the code that caused issues. It is an interface declaration with two overloads of a single  Get  method.

The code itself was fine. However, if we try to call it like this:

strange things will happen. Under VS2013 the code will compile without issues. However, under VS2017 it will cause a compile error:

read more

Setting up coverage reports on TFS with OpenCover

Code coverage is a metric which indicates the percentage of volume of your source code covered by your tests. It is
certainly a good idea to have code coverage reports generated as part of Continuous Integration – it allows you to keep track of quality of your tests or even set requirements for your builds to have a certain coverage.

Code coverage in Visual Studio is only available in the Enterprise edition. Fortunately, thanks to OpenCover you can still generate coverage reports even if you don’t have access to the Enterprise license.

read more

Understand monads with LINQ

This post is another attempt on explaining the M word in an approachable way. This explanation will best suite C# developers who are familiar with LINQ and query expressions. However, if you are not familiar with C# but would like to learn how powerful and expressive some of its features are, please read on!

Recap of LINQ and query expressions

LINQ is a technology introduced in C# 3.0 and .NET 3.5. One of its major applications is processing collections in an elegant, declarative way.

Here’s an example of LINQ’s select expression:

Query expressions are one of the language features which constitute LINQ. Thanks to it LINQ expressions can look in a way which resembles SQL expressions:

Before LINQ you would need to write a horrible, imperative loop which literates over the numbers array and appends the results to a new array.

read more

C# in Depth: book notes

pobraneI just finished reading this must-read position for C# developers. I believe that it’s very easy to learn a programming
language to an extent that is sufficient for creating software. Because of that, one can easily lose motivation to dig deeper and gain better understanding of the language. C# in Depth is a proof of why one shouldn’t stop at this point. There is a lot to learn by looking at the details of a language, how it evolved and how some of it’s features are implemented.

I think the book is fantastic. I loved the author’s writing style which is very precise (very little hand waving) but not boring at the same time. It feels that he’s giving you just the right amount of detail.

read more

Using Automapper to improve performance of Entity Framework

Entity Framework is an ORM technology widely used in the .NET world. It’s very convenient to use and lets you forget about SQL… well, at least until you hit performance issues.

Looking at the web applications I worked on, database access usually turned out to be the first thing to improve when  optimizing application performance.

Navigation properties

The main goal of Entity Framework is to map an object graph to a relational database. Tables are mapped to classes. Relationships between tables are represented with navigation properties.

read more

Asynchronous programming in Scala vs C#

In one of my recent post I compared two different approaches that authors of Scala and C# chose to solve the same problem. This post is based on the same idea but the problem being solved is asynchronous programming.

What’s asynchronous programming?

Let me explain by giving you an example. If you have ever used a web framework you might have been wondering how it handles multiple concurrent requests from different users. The traditional approach is to spawn a new thread (or get one from a thread pool) for every request that comes in and release it once the request is served.

read more

Scala for C# developers – part III

I’m back from a rather lenghty break and would like to continue the Scala for C# developers series. So far I have covered the syntax, the basics of OO in Scala and functions. In this post I will look at the Option type and pattern matching.

Issues with null references

If you have programmed in C# (or Java, or any other language that supports null references) you must already know the pain of NullReferenceException. This exception is thrown whenever you are expecting that a variable points to an actual object but in reality it does not point to anything. Therefore, calling a method on such reference would result in the exception.

read more

Why I like C#: feature-wise comparison with Java

Recently I was browsing Quora and was quite surprised to stumble upon this question: Java vs C#. Is Microsoft finally closing the gap? I decided to have a closer look and found more of similiar questions there.

Furthermore, at the place where I am currently working at, I am the only person with .NET background amongst mostly JVM people. We are all working on Scala projects and my colleagues are often surprised when I tell them that this or that Scala feature is also available in C#.

This makes me want to write a blog post about how cool a language C# is, especially when compared with Java. I want to underline that I’m speaking only about the language features and not about things like popularity, cross-platformness, ability to deploy easily, etc.

read more

Scala for C# developers – part II

This is the second post in the series. Click here to see the previous part.

In the previous post I covered the basics of Scala syntax as well as some comparison of OOP in Scala and C#. Today, I will focus on lambdas and higher-order functions.

Functions as function parameters

You are most likely familiar with lambda expessions in C#. Lambda expression is simply an anonymous function. Lambdas are useful when you want to pass a piece of code as a parameter to some other function. This concept is actually one of the cornerstones of functional programming.

read more

Scala for C# developers – part I

Recently, after three years of focusing mainly on the .NET platform, I’ve changed jobs. My current company uses Scala for server-side programming in their projects. I was very happy for this transition. Both Scala and C# can be considered hybrid functional and object-oriented programming languages. However, Scala seemed to feel more functional than C# – more built-in functional constructs, tighter syntax, default immutability, etc. While this is true, I was surprised how many similarities these languages. I concluded that as long as you have already seen the more functional side of C#, it is really easy to transition to Scala. This post series will discuss some of the similarities and differences between Scala and C#.

read more